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Main » 2012 » April » 23 » 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes & 10 Most Shocking Pictures Ever
12:07 PM
9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes & 10 Most Shocking Pictures Ever

The world, as we know it, has been in turmoil since its very beginning. Pictures of the past are reminders of the unspeakable horrors and sufferings that has been a part of our history and of course, the brutality that was and still is Man’s wont.

Following are some of the  saddest and most shocking pictures ever taken. Do share your thoughts one these shocking images in comment section.

Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Hiroshima Nagasaki Atomic Bombs

Above are pictures of the only active use of Atomic Bombs in a war. At the climax of the Second World War, the US deployed two Atomic Bombs, one each on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the effects of which killed 90,000–166,000 people in Hiroshima and 60,000–80,000 in Nagasaki.

Execution of a Viet Cong Soldier

Execution of a Viet Cong Soldier

The above photo, titled "General Nguyen Ngoc Loan executing a Viet Cong prisoner in Saigon”, is regarded as one of the most famed images in the history of journalism. Late American photographer, Edward Adams was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for the picture that shows South Vietnam’s Chief of National Police executing a Viet Cong soldier.

September 11 Attacks

9-11

On September 11, 2001, terror struck America as two passenger airliners allegedly hijacked by Al-Qaeda operatives crashed into the twin towers, raising them to the ground and claiming the lives of almost 3000 innocent people. Several photos of the tragedy show people jumping to their deaths to escape the flames that erupted after the collision.

Abu Ghraib Jail

Abu Ghraib

A year after the 2003 invasion of Iraq, shocking reports of torture, rape and homicide of prisoners held in Abu Ghraib prison began to surface, according to which the perpetrators of said acts were US military personnel in conjunction with Other Government Agencies.

The Child and the Vulture

Child and Vulture

The picture, taken by late South African photographer Kevin Carter, shows a starving Sudanese child stopping to rest her frail body while crawling towards a United Nations feeding center as a vulture waits expectantly nearby. Carter was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for the photo.

Palestinian Father Shielding Son

Palestinian Father Shielding Son

The above pictures are frames from a shocking scene captured by a France 2 cameraman near Gaza Strip. The footage shows Palestinian father Jamal al-Durrah, trying to shield his 12-year-old son, Muhammad al-Durrah, from gunfire while hiding behind a concrete wall, signaling and calling out to Israeli troops to stop firing. Jamal’s son was shot dead and he himself, gravely injured.

Hector Pieterson (Soweto Uprising)

Hector Pieterson (Soweto Uprising)

Hector Pieterson became an icon of the 1976 Soweto uprising in South Africa when he was shot dead in Police retaliation to a student protest. The picture above shows him being carried by a fellow student.

Burial of an Unknown Child (Bhopal Disaster)

Burial of Unknown Child (Bhopal Disaster)

The picture above shows one of 3,787 deaths caused by the 1984 Bhopal disaster wherein a toxic gas (MIC) was released from a Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant following which, approximately 40,000 cases of illness or disability caused by the exposure to the gas were confirmed.

Lynching of Young Black Men

Lynching of Young Black Men

This appalling photo shows the lynching of two young black men who were accused of the rape of a Caucasian woman and murder of her boyfriend. More horrendous than the tortured, bloody carcasses is the apparent joy on the faces of the lynch mob members.

The Last Jew of Vinnitsa

Last Jew of Vinnitsa

"The Last Jew of Vinnitsa” (Left) shows a Jew on his knees in front of a mass grave about to be executed by a member of an SS paramilitary death squad, Einsatzgruppe D.


Nature never stops to amaze us with its magnificent phenomenon just like these inexplicable holes in the ground. I bet that these holes make an excellent tourist attraction. Check out these unreal photographs and location descriptions of 9 of world’s most famous pits and sinkholes. (Courtesy of National Geographic)

1. Lisbon, Portugal, Sinkhole

world famous pits 09 in 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes

A parked bus was the unfortunate "meal” of a sinkhole that opened up in the streets of Lisbon, Portugal, in 2003.

"Anything that increases the flow of water into subsurface soil can speed up the formation of sinkholes’” ,Missouri State’s Gouzie said. In many cities, utility infrastructure such as sewer lines and fiber optic cables are buried in troughs filled with loose material, which can wash away over time. In some cases, a stretch of road can essentially become a concrete bridge over mostly empty space.

"It’s eventually not enough to hold the weight of the next truck over it,” Gouzie said.

2. Guatemala Sinkhole

world famous pits 01 in 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes

world famous pits 02 in 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes

Heavy rains from tropical storm Agatha likely triggered the collapse of a huge sinkhole in Guatemala on Sunday, seen above a few days afterward.

In the strictly geologic use of the word, a sinkhole happens when water erodes solid bedrock, carving an underground cavity that can then collapse. Many parts of the United States are at risk for that type of event.

The Guatemala sinkhole fits into a broader use of the term, which refers to any sudden slump of the ground’s surface. Instead of solid bedrock, much of Guatemala City rests atop a layer of loose, gravelly volcanic pumice that is hundreds of feet thick. And at least one geologist says leaking pipes—not nature—created the recent sinkhole.

Overall, the risk for repeat sinkholes in Guatemala City is high—but highly unpredictable.

3. Winter Park, Florida, Sinkhole

world famous pits 03 in 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes

he sinkhole in Winter Park, Florida (map), opened up in 1981 underneath the city’s public swimming pool, Missouri State’s Gouzie said.

"I’ve never seen a final report as to whether the pool was leaking,” he said, adding that water can flow into the underlying soil through tiny cracks in the bottom of a pool. Even watering plants at the pool’s perimeter could have sent enough runoff through Florida’s sandy soil to erode the solid limestone underneath.

Gouzie said the U.S. Geological Survey has mapped the types of bedrock that exist across the country. But studies of the underground cracks and fissures—and the way water travels through them—are still needed to predict where sinkholes could occur.

4. Mulberry, Florida, Sinkhole

world famous pits 04 in 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes

This 185-foot-deep (56-meter-deep) sinkhole appeared in 1994 in Mulberry, Florida (map), in a pile of waste material dumped by mining company IMC-Agrico. The company was mining rock to extract phosphate, a main ingredient in fertilizers and a chemical used to produce phosphoric acid, added to enhance the taste of soda and various food items.

After phosphate was extracted from the rocks, the gypsum-based waste product was dumped as a slurry. As layer after layer of the stuff dried, it formed cracks, like those that appear in dried mud. Water later made its way through the cracks and carried away subsurface material, setting the stage for a sinkhole.

5. Blue Hole, Belize

world famous pits 05 in 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes

Sinkholes can happen anywhere water can erode a vertical channel that connects to a horizontal drain, a situation that allows a column of solid material to wash away, Missouri State’s Gouzie explained.

If the sinkhole is near the sea—or in the sea, as with the famous Blue Hole in Lighthouse Reef off the coast of Belize—seawater can quickly seep in after a collapse, forming a deep pool.

6. Picher, Oklahoma, Sinkhole

world famous pits 06 in 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes

Years of mining for zinc and lead has left Picher, Oklahoma, near the border with Kansas, literally full of holes—including this sinkhole seen in 2008. Some mines were dug too close to the surface, and the roofs were unable to support the weight of earth on top, leading to collapses.

"It has happened in Missouri and in western Pennsylvania from coal mining,” Missouri State’s Gouzie said. "We’ve gotten better with buidlng mines so the roofs can support the weight over top of them.”

7. Iceland Sinkhole

world famous pits 07 in 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes

Adventure kayaker Mick Coyne lowers himself down the wall of a sinkhole toward the headwaters of the Jokulsa, Iceland’s second longest river. Though the river is fed by melt from a glacier, this 150-foot (45-meter), inverted funnel-shaped hole was blasted into being by rising steam from geothermal vents below.

8. Ik-Kil Cenote, Mexico

world famous pits 08 in 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes

Swimmers float in the saphirre waters of the Ik-Kil cenote, near the Maya site of Chichén Itzá in Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula. Cenote means "natural well” in Spanish. Sinkholes occurring at sea level will fill up as high as the water table, creating the famous clear blue pools, used by the Maya royalty for both relaxation and ritual sacrifices.

9. Neversink Pit, Alabama

world famous pits 10 in 9 World Famous Pits and Sinkholes

Neversink Pit, a wet limestone sinkhole in Alabama seen above in 1998, is about 50 feet (15 meters) deep and houses a rare species of fern. The sinkhole was bought in the 1990s by a group of cavers to preserve it for future generations.

Karst is the geologic term for landscapes formed mainly by the dissolving of limestone or dolomite bedrock. In the United States, karst underlies parts of Missouri, Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee, northern Alabama, Texas, and most of Florida. Such areas are marked by sinking streams, subterranean drainage, large springs, caves—and, of course, sinkholes.


Source: chilloutpoint & listphobia

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